Challenges faced by LGBTQ young individuals in Tanzania

This week, we will delve into the numerous challenges faced by LGBT young individuals in Tanzania, a situation that is fraught with difficulties. One of the most distressing aspects is the rejection they experience from their own families, leaving them feeling isolated and abandoned. This rejection often leads to them being disowned, with their families cutting all ties and refusing to provide any support or assistance. As a result, these young individuals are left to navigate life on their own, which can be an incredibly daunting task.

A hostile environment within educational institutions

LGBTQ+ youth in Tanzania face a daunting obstacle: the threat of being expelled from their schools. Sadly, members of the LGBTQ+ community are often subjected to prejudice and discrimination, resulting in a hostile environment within educational institutions. Consequently, these students are unjustly expelled, depriving them of their fundamental right to education. The denial of educational opportunities not only hampers their personal and professional growth but also exacerbates the already challenging circumstances they face.

The situation is becoming increasingly alarming, as evidenced by the growing number of requests we have received. In the month of January alone, we received four appeals from LGBTQ+ individuals who have been forced to halt their education due to their sexual orientation. This trend is deeply concerning and demands immediate attention and action.

To illustrate the magnitude of this issue, let’s consider the case of Jackline, a university student. After bravely coming out to her family, she was disowned, leaving her without any financial support for her tuition fees and accommodation. This heart-wrenching example highlights the devastating consequences that LGBTQ+ individuals in Tanzania often endure simply for expressing their sexual orientation.

The denial of education not only robs these individuals of knowledge and skills but also limits their future prospects. It denies them the opportunity to acquire the necessary tools to thrive in society, hindering their personal and professional growth. By excluding LGBTQ+ youth from educational institutions, we are perpetuating a cycle of discrimination and marginalization, making it even more challenging for them to overcome the obstacles they already face.

The expulsion of LGBTQ+ youth from schools in Tanzania is a grave injustice that must be addressed urgently. The denial of education not only deprives these individuals of knowledge and opportunities but also perpetuates discrimination and inequality. It is imperative for the Tanzanian government and educational institutions to take proactive measures to protect the rights of LGBTQ+ students and provide them with the support they need to pursue their education. Only through inclusive policies and collective action can we pave the way for a more equal and just society.

The consequences of familial rejection

The far-reaching consequences of familial rejection have a profound and lasting impact on the lives of LGBT youth in Tanzania. This rejection often leads to a cascade of challenges, one of which is the alarming rate of homelessness among this vulnerable population. Without a support system or a safety net, many of these young people are left without a place they can truly call home. This lack of stable housing exposes them to numerous dangers, such as violence, exploitation, and mistreatment.

These LGBTQ youth face a multitude of hardships on the streets. They are at a heightened risk of physical and sexual violence, with studies showing that a significant percentage of homeless LGBT youth have experienced assault or harassment. Furthermore, without a reliable place to sleep, they are more susceptible to illness and disease. The lack of access to proper healthcare exacerbates their vulnerability and puts their overall well-being at risk.

In addition to the immediate dangers they face, the absence of secure housing also has long-term implications. Without a stable environment, these young individuals struggle to pursue education and employment opportunities, perpetuating a cycle of poverty and limited prospects. This not only hampers their personal growth and development but also perpetuates the marginalization and exclusion they face in society.

In the face of such overwhelming challenges, it is not surprising that many LGBT youth in Tanzania turn to harmful coping mechanisms. One such mechanism is drug abuse, which provides a temporary escape from their harsh realities. The absence of acceptance and understanding often drives these individuals to seek solace in substances, further exacerbating their already precarious situations. Addressing the root causes of drug abuse among LGBT youth is essential to ensuring their overall well-being and offering them healthier alternatives.

The lack of economic opportunities and social support

The lack of economic opportunities and social support for LGBT youth in Tanzania can have dire consequences, pushing them into engaging in commercial sex work as a means of survival. These young individuals find themselves desperate to meet their basic needs, and as a result, they may resort to selling their bodies. This unfortunate reality exposes them to significant risks and vulnerabilities, further exacerbating the cycle of marginalization and exploitation they are already trapped in.

One devastating consequence of this exploitative practice is the increased risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Without access to proper healthcare and education about safe sex practices, these vulnerable individuals are more likely to be exposed to diseases such as HIV/AIDS. The lack of protection and support leaves them susceptible to exploitation by clients who may refuse to use condoms, further endangering their health.

In addition to the physical risks, LGBT youth involved in commercial sex work also face emotional and psychological challenges. The constant objectification and dehumanization they experience can have severe consequences on their mental well-being. They may struggle with feelings of shame, guilt, and low self-esteem, as society continues to stigmatize and discriminate against them.

Moreover, the cycle of marginalization and exploitation perpetuated by this situation often results in limited opportunities for these young individuals to escape their circumstances. The lack of economic prospects and social support systems leaves them trapped in a cycle of poverty and vulnerability. Without access to education and job opportunities, they are forced to continue engaging in sex work, further perpetuating their marginalization.

The distressing circumstances faced by LGBT youth in Tanzania also contribute to increased rates of self-harm. The overwhelming sense of despair and hopelessness can push these individuals to inflict harm upon themselves as a way to cope with their emotional pain. This tragic manifestation of their struggles underscores the urgent need for comprehensive mental health support and resources tailored to the unique needs of LGBT youth.

In conclusion,

The challenges faced by LGBT young individuals in Tanzania are numerous and deeply entrenched. From familial rejection and expulsion from school to homelessness, drug abuse, engagement in commercial sex work, and self-harm, these hardships create a complex web of adversity that requires immediate attention and intervention. Addressing these challenges requires not only systemic changes but also a shift in societal attitudes towards acceptance, inclusivity, and support for all individuals, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity. By working together to create a more inclusive society, we can ensure that all young people have the opportunity to thrive and live their lives authentically, free from discrimination and prejudice


Celebrating LGBT+ History Month

LGBT Voice Tanzania is joining with the global LGBT+ community to celebrate LGBT+ History Month, demonstrating our unwavering support for the LGBT+ community in the United States and the United Kingdom. This momentous occasion provides us with a valuable opportunity to deeply reflect on the remarkable progress that has been made in the ongoing fight for equality and acceptance for individuals of all sexual orientations and gender identities worldwide.

During this month, we take the time to honor the courageous individuals who have played a crucial role in paving the way for a more inclusive society. Their resilience and determination have led to significant achievements in the struggle for equal rights and acceptance. We draw inspiration from their stories and use them as a guiding light for our own advocacy efforts.

It is important to acknowledge the challenges that have been overcome in the past. From legal battles to social stigma, the LGBT+ community has faced numerous obstacles on the path to equality. However, through perseverance and collective action, significant milestones have been achieved. Same-sex marriage has been legalized in many countries, anti-discrimination laws have been implemented, and more organizations are working towards creating safe spaces for LGBT+ individuals.

In Tanzania, LGBT Voice Tanzania has been at the forefront of advocating for, protecting, defending, and promoting the well-being of LGBT+ individuals. Our unwavering commitment and dedication serve as a shining example of progress and hope for the LGBT+ community in the country. By raising awareness, providing support, and fighting for equal rights, LGBT Voice Tanzania is making a significant impact on the lives of LGBT+ individuals, fostering a more inclusive society.

As we come together with the global LGBT+ community, we recognize the importance of unity and solidarity. By standing together, we amplify our voices and strengthen our advocacy efforts. This month serves as a reminder that the fight for equality and acceptance is ongoing, and we must continue to push for change.

In conclusion, LGBT+ History Month is a time to commemorate the achievements and resilience of the LGBT+ community. It is a time to celebrate the progress that has been made, while also recognizing the work that still needs to be done. Through collaboration and unwavering support, we can create a future where every individual, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity, is accepted, respected, and embraced

When comparing 2024 to 2009, there is a clear distinction in terms of LGBTQ visibility and activism in Tanzania.

Over the past fifteen years, the LGBTQ rights movement in Tanzania has undergone significant transformations and progress, leading to notable advancements by 2024. Back in 2009, the LGBTQ community faced numerous challenges and pervasive discrimination, with limited visibility and support. However, in recent times, there has been a remarkable upsurge in the visibility, support, and advocacy for LGBTQ individuals, signaling a significant shift in societal attitudes towards them. Today, we witness some parents increasingly embracing and endorsing their LGBTQ children, fostering an environment of acceptance and understanding.


One key aspect of the changing landscape is the increased presence of LGBTQ organizations and groups that have emerged to champion the rights of this community. These organizations, such as LGBT Voice Tanzania and advocacy groups, provide much-needed resources, assistance, and safe spaces for individuals to seek guidance and support. They organize events, workshops, and educational programs to raise awareness and promote inclusivity, ultimately contributing to the overall progress of the LGBTQ rights movement.

In 2009, Tanzania faced a deeply conservative and intolerant culture, which posed immense challenges for the LGBTQ community in openly expressing their true selves. Discrimination, violence, and social stigma were widespread, forcing many LGBTQ individuals to live in constant fear and secrecy.

The LGBTQ community was largely marginalized and silenced, with very limited visibility and the absence of any LGBTQ groups or organizations. The media has played a crucial role in amplifying the voices and stories of LGBTQ individuals. The increasing number of LGBTQ individuals openly expressing their identities, their presence on social media platforms, and their inclusion in interviews to share their experiences have become more common.

These efforts have helped to humanize their struggles and foster empathy and understanding among the general population. The increased representation in the media has contributed to a greater sense of visibility and recognition for the LGBTQ community, challenging stereotypes and promoting a more inclusive society.

Another significant development is the growing support from allies and the general public. As awareness and understanding of LGBTQ issues have grown, more individuals   have become vocal advocates for equality and justice. This includes not only friends and family members but also lawyers are now willing to promote LGBTQ rights. Their endorsement and solidarity have further strengthened the movement, encouraging others to join in the fight for equal rights and fair treatment.

Fast forward to 2024, and the landscape has dramatically changed. LGBTQ individuals are increasingly coming out and openly expressing their feelings in society and on social media platforms. While recognition and acceptance are still progressing slowly, there have been notable improvements in Tanzania. The LGBTQ community has become more visible and vocal, advocating for their rights and demanding equal treatment. Several LGBTQ organizations and activists have emerged, providing support, resources, and safe spaces for the community.


 Tanzania continues to face significant challenges in terms of legal progress, particularly when it comes to LGBTQ rights. The current laws in place criminalize homosexual relationships under sections 153-157 of the Penal Code, resulting in the imprisonment of individuals who identify as LGBTQ. This not only violates their fundamental human rights but also impedes the country’s overall journey towards equality and inclusivity.

The criminalization of same-sex relationships is not the only restriction imposed by Tanzania. The registration of LGBTQ rights organizations and groups is also heavily restricted. This limitation makes it incredibly difficult for advocates to actively promote LGBTQ rights and provide much-needed support to the community. Without the legal recognition and protection of these organizations, LGBTQ individuals are forced to face an uphill battle in their fight for equality.

Furthermore, the lack of legal safeguards for LGBTQ people in cases of violence, expulsion from educational institutions, job termination, or eviction from their residences further exacerbates the challenges they face. Without proper legal protection, they are left vulnerable and often have no recourse when faced with discrimination or harm. This perpetuates a climate of fear and hampers the overall well-being and progress of the LGBTQ community.


Despite the numerous obstacles faced, there are courageous and determined attorneys in Tanzania who are willing to take a stand and defend the rights of LGBTQ individuals. These attorneys serve as beacons of hope in the ongoing struggle for equality. Their bravery and unwavering commitment to justice are commendable.

These Tanzanian attorneys play a crucial role in advocating for the rights of LGBTQ individuals and fighting against the systemic discrimination they face. By representing LGBTQ clients in legal battles, they challenge the prevailing prejudices and stereotypes that hinder the progress of equality. Their dedication to ensuring justice is an inspiration to others.

Their impactful work is their involvement in cases that have brought attention to the plight of LGBTQ individuals in Tanzania. These attorneys have fearlessly taken on high-profile cases, shedding light on the injustices and human rights violations experienced by the LGBTQ community. Through their legal expertise and strategic advocacy, they have successfully challenged discriminatory laws and policies. these attorneys collaborate with local and international human rights organizations to amplify their efforts. They leverage their expertise and networks to build alliances, share best practices, and advocate for policy changes at both national and international levels. Their dedication to creating a more inclusive society extends beyond the courtroom.

The impact of their work is evident in the lives they have transformed. By providing legal representation and support to LGBTQ individuals, they give them a voice and empower them to assert their rights. Through their advocacy, they have helped secure landmark victories, such as the decriminalization of same-sex relationships in some jurisdictions.

It is important to acknowledge the risks and challenges these attorneys face in their pursuit of justice. They often encounter hostility, threats, and intimidation from those who oppose LGBTQ rights. Despite these dangers, they remain undeterred, driven by their unwavering belief in the inherent dignity and worth of every individual, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity.


Gender reassignment and name change procedures pose significant obstacles for transgender individuals in Tanzania. The process of obtaining legal recognition of their gender identity and changing their names involves intricate legal and bureaucratic steps, which can be overwhelming and burdensome. These challenges further impede transgender individuals who are striving to align their legal identities with their authentic selves.

The challenges faced by transgender individuals in Tanzania are not limited to the legal and bureaucratic realm. Societal attitudes and prejudices towards transgender individuals also present significant barriers. Discrimination and stigmatization can make it difficult for transgender individuals to access healthcare, education, employment, and housing. This exclusion further exacerbates their vulnerability and hinders their ability to live authentically.


It is crucial for Tanzania to address these legal and societal barriers in order to create a more inclusive and equal society. By repealing laws that criminalize same-sex relationships, allowing the registration of LGBTQ rights organizations, and implementing robust legal protections for LGBTQ individuals, Tanzania can take significant steps towards progress and ensure the full enjoyment of human rights for all its citizens.

Promote the acceptance of others by embracing their individuality with sincerity.

In our ever-evolving and intricate world, the journey from tolerance to genuine acceptance necessitates deliberate effort, introspection, and a steadfast commitment to breaking down barriers. It is high time that we leave the past behind us and adopt a fresh mindset towards others, particularly those who appear vastly different from ourselves. If we were to delve beneath the surface, we would realize that the so-called “good old days” were not as idyllic as nostalgia may lead us to believe. In reality, they were filled with their own set of challenges and uncertainties. Thus, it is imperative that we acknowledge the need to shift our thinking and actions in order to transcend the superficial level of mere tolerance and instead embrace, accept, and establish equity in a world that is in a constant state of reinvention.

To achieve this transformation, it is crucial to cultivate a genuine understanding of and empathy towards those who are different from us. Rather than simply tolerating their presence, we must actively seek to learn about their experiences, perspectives, and struggles. By doing so, we can break down the barriers that separate us and foster a sense of unity and inclusivity.

True acceptance goes beyond simply acknowledging the existence of different gender orientations and identities. It involves a deep understanding and recognition of the systemic injustices and biases that specific groups face on a daily basis. In order to achieve true acceptance, we must actively confront our own prejudices and privileges and actively work towards building a society that is fair and inclusive for everyone.

 Systemic injustice can be observed in the limited representation and visibility of certain gender identities in decision-making and leadership roles. Transgender and non-binary individuals often face underrepresentation or negative portrayal, which perpetuates harmful stereotypes and contributes to their marginalization. To address this bias, it is crucial for media organizations to actively seek out and promote diverse voices and perspectives. This can be achieved through initiatives such as casting transgender actors in transgender roles and ensuring the involvement of transgender and non-binary individuals in the creative process.

Dealing with systemic injustices and biases also necessitates self-reflection on our own privileges and biases. Privilege refers to the advantages and benefits that certain individuals or groups enjoy solely due to their social identity. For instance, cisgender individuals often enjoy the privilege of not having their gender identity questioned or invalidated. It is important for those who possess privilege to acknowledge it and utilize it to uplift and support marginalized groups.

 Ultimately, genuine acceptance requires us to go beyond superficial recognition and actively strive to address the systemic injustices and biases that specific groups face. This entails confronting our own prejudices and privileges and actively working towards constructing a fairer society where everyone is treated with dignity and respect, regardless of their gender orientation or identity. By taking these steps, we can contribute to the creation of a more inclusive and equitable world for all individuals.

Statistics can also shed light on the importance of moving beyond tolerance towards acceptance. For instance, studies have shown that diverse teams and organizations are more innovative and perform better overall. By embracing diversity, we can tap into a wide range of perspectives and ideas, leading to greater creativity and problem-solving.

Furthermore, accepting and embracing others does not mean erasing our own identities or sacrificing our values. It is about recognizing the inherent worth and dignity of every individual, regardless of their differences. By celebrating our diversity, we can create a society that is not only more inclusive, but also more resilient and adaptable to change.

The time has come for us to transcend the outdated notion of mere tolerance and strive towards true acceptance and equity. This requires us to actively challenge the status quo, confront our own biases, and actively work towards dismantling the barriers that divide us. By doing so, we can create a world that is not only more inclusive, but also more just and compassionate. Let us embrace this journey of transformation and embark on a path towards a brighter and more harmonious future.

The activism for LGBTQ rights in Tanzania faces a wide range of challenges that are both complex and interconnected.

Activism for LGBT rights in Tanzania faces a multitude of challenges, with the most prominent ones being the legal framework, religious beliefs, the stance of civil society organizations, and financial resources. These challenges hinder progress and create barriers for the LGBT community in their pursuit of equal rights and acceptance.


Tanzania’s legal framework poses significant challenges to the progress of LGBTQ rights. The criminalization of homosexual relationships not only hampers the efforts of activists but also perpetuates discrimination and marginalization.

To drive change and foster equality, it is crucial to employ strategic and innovative methods, including legal advocacy, community engagement, awareness campaigns, and international cooperation. By adopting these approaches, activists can challenge discriminatory legislation, shift societal attitudes, and establish a more inclusive and accepting environment for LGBTQ individuals in Tanzania. The legal system in Tanzania presents a formidable obstacle to the advancement of LGBTQ rights.

Same-sex relationships are deemed illegal, and activists advocating for change often face persecution and legal repercussions. These restrictive laws create a hostile atmosphere for LGBTQ individuals, impeding public discourse and awareness. To overcome these barriers, it is imperative to employ strategic and innovative approaches.

Activists can utilize legal advocacy, community outreach, awareness initiatives, and international collaboration. By challenging discriminatory laws, altering societal attitudes, and fostering inclusivity, activists can cultivate a more accepting environment for LGBTQ individuals in Tanzania.


Religious beliefs play a significant role in shaping the challenges faced by LGBTQ rights activists in Tanzania. The prevailing religious doctrines in the country commonly condemn homosexuality, categorizing it as a sinful and immoral act. These deeply rooted beliefs strongly influence societal attitudes, leading to widespread discrimination, prejudice, and even acts of violence against the LGBTQ community.

The religious landscape in Tanzania is predominantly composed of Christianity and Islam. Both religions have teachings that explicitly denounce same-sex relationships. For instance, within Christianity, various denominations interpret biblical passages as condemning homosexuality. Similarly, in Islam, the Quran is interpreted by many as forbidding same-sex relationships.

As a result of these religious beliefs and interpretations, LGBTQ individuals in Tanzania often face immense challenges in their daily lives. They may be subjected to verbal and physical abuse, ostracization from their families and communities, and even legal consequences. The fear of rejection and persecution forces many LGBTQ individuals to hide their true identities or seek refuge in underground communities.

The impact of religious beliefs on LGBTQ rights is not limited to societal attitudes alone. It also extends to the legal framework of the country. Tanzania, like many other African nations, has laws that criminalize same-sex relationships. These laws not only perpetuate discrimination but also hinder the progress of LGBTQ rights activists who strive for equality and acceptance.

Despite these challenges, there are individuals and organizations within Tanzania who are working tirelessly to advocate for LGBTQ rights and challenge the prevailing religious beliefs that fuel discrimination. These activists engage in various activities such as awareness campaigns, legal advocacy, and support services for the LGBTQ community. Their efforts are gradually making a difference in raising awareness and promoting inclusivity.

 The influence of religious beliefs on LGBTQ rights activism in Tanzania cannot be underestimated. The condemnation of homosexuality within dominant religious doctrines contributes to discrimination, prejudice, and violence against the LGBTQ community. However, there are individuals and organizations working towards creating a more accepting and inclusive society, where individuals can embrace their sexual orientation without fear of persecution.


The stance of civil society organizations is a significant hurdle for LGBTQ rights activists. While some organizations actively support and advocate for the rights of the LGBTQ community in Tanzania, others maintain conservative views or fear backlash from society. This lack of unified support greatly limits the impact and effectiveness of activism efforts.

One example of this is seen in the difficulty of building coalitions and fostering dialogue within civil society organizations. Many organizations are hesitant to accept and include LGBTQ rights as human rights, as they mistakenly associate advocating for LGBTQ rights with promoting homosexuality. This misconception hinders progress and prevents these organizations from fully understanding the importance of LGBTQ rights.

Additionally, the fear of societal backlash further complicates the situation. Civil society organizations  worry about losing support or facing negative consequences if they openly endorse LGBTQ rights. This fear often stems from the prevailing conservative beliefs in society, which perpetuate discrimination and prejudice against the LGBTQ community.

To overcome these barriers, it is crucial to raise awareness and educate civil society organizations about the significance of LGBTQ rights. Providing examples of successful advocacy efforts and the positive impact of inclusive policies can help dispel misconceptions and encourage greater support. Sharing statistics and research on the benefits of LGBTQ-inclusive societies can also be persuasive in shifting perspectives.

Furthermore, it is important to highlight the interconnectedness of human rights and emphasize that advocating for LGBTQ rights is not about promoting homosexuality, but about ensuring equality and dignity for all individuals. By framing LGBTQ rights within the broader context of human rights, civil society organizations may be more willing to engage in dialogue and collaboration.

 The stance of civil society organizations remains a significant challenge for LGBTQ rights activists. Overcoming this obstacle requires efforts to build alliances, foster dialogue, and raise awareness within these organizations. By addressing misconceptions, fears, and conservative beliefs, progress can be made towards achieving greater support and acceptance for LGBTQ rights as human rights


Financial resources are crucial for the advancement of LGBTQ rights activism in Tanzania. The limited availability of funds for advocacy initiatives and community support programs imposes significant limitations on the ability of activists to organize events, carry out research, and provide essential services to the LGBTQ community. It is imperative to secure sustainable funding from both domestic and international sources in order to maintain the momentum of activism and bring about lasting change.

To demonstrate the significance of financial resources, let’s delve into some examples. Organizations at the forefront of the struggle require resources to recruit and retain qualified personnel. This enables them to utilize their expertise and knowledge effectively in designing and implementing programs that promote LGBTQ rights in Tanzania.

 In addition, funding is necessary to organize various events such as  workshops, and conferences. These events serve as platforms to raise awareness about LGBTQ rights and foster engagement with the wider community. They also create safe spaces for LGBTQ individuals to connect, share experiences, and build a sense of community. Inadequate financial support poses challenges for activists in hosting such events, thereby impeding their ability to reach a larger audience and bring about meaningful change.

Furthermore, financial resources play a crucial role in conducting research on LGBTQ issues in Tanzania. Research is instrumental in providing evidence-based arguments and data that can be used to advocate for policy changes and challenge discriminatory laws. It sheds light on the lived experiences of LGBTQ individuals, highlighting the obstacles they face and the impact of discriminatory practices. However, conducting research requires funding for data collection, analysis, and dissemination. Limited financial resources make it difficult for activists to carry out comprehensive research, which is vital for informing advocacy efforts and influencing public opinion.

Moreover, financial resources are essential for providing essential services to the LGBTQ community. These services encompass healthcare, counseling, legal support, and community outreach programs. Many LGBTQ individuals encounter discrimination and stigma, making it challenging for them to access basic services. Activists and organizations dedicated to LGBTQ rights play a crucial role in bridging this gap by offering essential services. However, without sufficient funding, these services may be limited in scope or completely unavailable, leaving the LGBTQ community without crucial support.

To sustain the momentum of activism and create lasting change, it is imperative to secure diverse and sustainable funding sources. This can involve seeking support from both domestic and international donors, as well as exploring innovative fundraising strategies. Diversifying funding sources reduces reliance on a single donor or funding stream, ensuring the long-term viability of LGBTQ rights activism in Tanzania.

The availability of financial resources profoundly impacts LGBTQ rights activism in Tanzania. Limited funding for advocacy initiatives and community support programs restricts activists’ capacity to organize events, conduct research, and provide essential services to the LGBTQ community. Securing sustainable funding sources, both domestically and internationally, is vital for sustaining the momentum of activism and bringing about lasting change.


The activism for LGBTQ rights in Tanzania faces a wide range of challenges that are both complex and interconnected. To overcome these obstacles, an all-encompassing approach is necessary, which involves addressing the legal framework, religious beliefs, the stance of civil society organizations, and the availability of financial resources. By continuously working towards dismantling these barriers, Tanzania can make significant progress towards creating a society that is inclusive and equal for all its citizens, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity. We kindly request you to consider making a donation today.

Homosexuality should not be criminalized in Africa for several scientific and factual reasons.

Firstly, it is crucial to acknowledge that homosexuality is not a conscious decision but rather a natural variation of human sexuality. Extensive scientific research conducted by various reputable institutions has consistently demonstrated that sexual orientation, including homosexuality, is influenced by a combination of genetic, hormonal, and environmental factors. It is important to note that homosexuality is not a disorder or a disease, and therefore, it should not be subjected to criminalization or punishment.

Scientific reasons: Research conducted by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in the United States in the specified year unearthed intriguing findings regarding the prevalence of certain genetic markers among individuals who identify as homosexual. These findings suggest a potential biological predisposition towards homosexuality.

The NIH study delved into the genetic makeup of individuals who identify as homosexual and discovered that specific genetic markers were more prominent within this group. This implies that there may be a biological basis for sexual orientation, rather than it being solely influenced by environmental or societal factors. The research findings shed light on the complex interplay between genetics and sexual orientation. While the study does not definitively establish a cause-and-effect relationship, it provides valuable insights into the potential biological factors that contribute to homosexuality.

Note that genetics alone do not determine an individual’s sexual orientation. Sexual orientation is a multifaceted phenomenon influenced by a combination of genetic, hormonal, environmental, and social factors. The NIH study serves as a significant step forward in understanding the various aspects that contribute to sexual orientation.

These findings have the potential to challenge societal norms and prejudices surrounding homosexuality. By acknowledging the biological underpinnings of sexual orientation, society can move towards a more inclusive and accepting understanding of human diversity.

Hormonal factors also play a significant role in determining sexual orientation. Studies have shown that variations in hormone levels during fetal development can influence the development of sexual orientation. For example, research has found that exposure to higher levels of testosterone in the womb may increase the likelihood of a person identifying as homosexual later in life.

In addition to genetic and hormonal factors, environmental influences can also contribute to the development of homosexuality. Research has found that individuals with older siblings are more likely to identify as homosexual, suggesting that social and familial factors may play a role. Additionally, studies have shown that cultural attitudes and societal acceptance of homosexuality can influence an individual’s sexual orientation.

It is important to emphasize that criminalizing or punishing homosexuality is both unjust and ineffective. Such actions only perpetuate discrimination and stigmatization, leading to negative psychological and social consequences for individuals who identify as homosexual. Instead, society should focus on promoting understanding, acceptance, and equal rights for all individuals, regardless of their sexual orientation.

 Secondly, criminalizing homosexuality not only violates the principles of human rights and equality but also perpetuates a cycle of discrimination, violence, and stigma against the LGBTQ+ community in Africa. By criminalizing same-sex relationships, these laws contribute to a hostile environment that marginalizes and excludes individuals based on their sexual orientation.

Factual reasons: One of the detrimental effects of criminalization is the hindrance it poses to the access of healthcare for LGBTQ+ individuals. Due to fear of persecution and discrimination, many members of the community are reluctant to seek medical assistance when needed. This lack of access to healthcare services has serious implications for their overall well-being and can lead to the spread of sexually transmitted infections and other health issues that could have been prevented or treated.

Furthermore, the criminalization of homosexuality also has a profound impact on the educational opportunities available to LGBTQ+ individuals. In many countries where such laws exist, LGBTQ+ individuals face harassment, bullying, and exclusion within educational institutions. This hostile environment not only affects their mental and emotional well-being but also limits their chances of receiving a quality education. As a result, many individuals within the LGBTQ+ community are denied the opportunity to reach their full potential and contribute to society.

Employment opportunities are also severely limited for LGBTQ+ individuals in countries where homosexuality is criminalized. Discrimination in the workplace based on sexual orientation is not uncommon, leading to higher rates of unemployment and underemployment within the community. This not only perpetuates economic inequalities but also reinforces the social stigma and marginalization that LGBTQ+ individuals already face.

 It is important to recognize that the criminalization of homosexuality not only violates human rights but also contributes to a society that is less inclusive, diverse, and accepting. By repealing these laws and embracing LGBTQ+ rights, African countries have the opportunity to foster an environment that values equality, respect, and dignity for all individuals, regardless of their sexual orientation

Furthermore, there is no evidence to support the claim that homosexuality is a threat to society or traditional values. Many countries around the world, including several African nations, have decriminalized homosexuality and have not experienced any negative social or cultural consequences. In fact, societies that embrace diversity and inclusivity tend to be more progressive and tolerant.

 Additionally, criminalizing homosexuality hampers public health efforts. It creates barriers in HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment programs as LGBTQ+ individuals may fear seeking healthcare services due to the risk of discrimination or prosecution. By decriminalizing homosexuality, governments can effectively address public health concerns and ensure equal access to healthcare for all.

 In conclusion, there are multiple scientific and factual reasons why homosexuality should not be criminalized in Africa. It is essential to promote understanding, acceptance, and respect for the LGBTQ+ community, rather than subjecting them to discrimination and persecution. Decriminalization is a step towards creating a more inclusive and equitable society for all individuals, regardless of their sexual orientation. DONATE TO SUPPORT OUR WORK

Colonial laws and religious teachings fuel homophobia in Tanzania

Homophobia in Tanzania is not rooted in traditions and cultures, but rather, it is a consequence of colonial laws and religious teachings. The influence of colonialism on Tanzanian society cannot be overlooked, as it has shaped societal attitudes and norms. During the colonial era, European powers imposed their own legal systems, which criminalized same-sex relationships and created a hostile environment for LGBTQ+ individuals.

Religious teachings have also played a significant role in perpetuating homophobia in Tanzania. Many religious leaders promote the belief that homosexuality is sinful and goes against the teachings of their faith. This has led to the stigmatization and marginalization of LGBTQ+ individuals within the Tanzanian society.

To understand the impact of colonial laws and religious teachings on homophobia in Tanzania, it is important to consider the experiences of LGBTQ+ individuals. They often face discrimination, violence, and social exclusion. For example, same-sex couples are not recognized by the law and are denied the same rights and protections as heterosexual couples. LGBTQ+ individuals also face difficulties in accessing healthcare, education, and employment opportunities due to their sexual orientation or gender identity.

Statistics further highlight the extent of homophobia in Tanzania. According to a survey conducted by the Pew Research Center in 2013, 95% of Tanzanians believe that homosexuality should not be accepted by society. This staggering number reflects the deeply ingrained homophobia within the country.

It is crucial to recognize that homophobia in Tanzania is not a reflection of the country’s traditions and cultures. Tanzania is a diverse nation with a rich history and a variety of cultural practices. Homophobia is a product of external influences that have shaped societal attitudes and perceptions.

Efforts to combat homophobia in Tanzania should focus on challenging the colonial legacy and promoting acceptance and inclusivity. This can be achieved through education and awareness campaigns, legal reforms, and the empowerment of LGBTQ+ individuals to speak out against discrimination. By addressing the root causes of homophobia, Tanzania can strive towards a more inclusive and accepting society for all its citizens.

The Importance of LGBT Equality in the Workplace

LGBT employees in 72 UN-member countries are protected from discrimination in employment, but in another 72 countries, LGBT employees can still be arrested just for being who they are. Every June, the LGBT community celebrates Pride Month because of the historic Stonewall riots of the Gay Liberation Movement in the United States. Fifty years have passed and while there are certain improvements in workplace equality, the LGBT community still has a long way to go in the fight for equal rights. Given the paradox of progress and backlash, it’s important to discuss the role of business leaders and companies in advancing LGBT equality around the world.

Workplace Equality and Its Effects on Individuals

According to the 2019 Workplace Equality Fact Sheet, 46% of LGBT workers reported being closeted at work for fear of backlash against them. If they feel that they need to hide their identity, then it will cause stress and anxiety that could affect their performance in the workplace.  LGBT individuals will live in constant fear of being discovered. They can’t even make their work stations feel like home because they can’t put photos of their loved ones or they have to be careful when telling stories so that they won’t be outed.

Organizations that strive for workplace equality will see the positive effects on individual employees such as less discrimination among employees and improved comfort knowing that they can be themselves at work. LGBT-supportive policies can reduce the stress of LGBT employees as well as improve their health, especially if they are given medical and retirement benefits. As a result, they are more satisfied with their job and have more positive relationships with their co-workers and managers. 

Inclusive Workplaces and Effects on Companies

With individual benefits, organizational performance will also improve. Employers with LGBT-friendly workplaces have lower expenses when it comes to health insurance because of the improved health of their employees. Employees who are out in the workplace feel that they are welcomed by their co-workers and boss.  When employees are comfortable and feel welcomed, they will contribute better to the organization. In this environment, LGBT employees are more engaged and more productive that leads to better company performance.

There are some companies that promote internal policies that prohibit discrimination due to the employees’ gender identity or sexual orientation.  In countries that have laws prohibiting LGBT equality, the companies are burdened with the problem of attracting and retaining employees in their companies.  Problems might arise about how can two employees be really equal if one is criminalized outside the company. However, companies have seen that workplace inclusion is beneficial to them and works for everyone.

Companies should espouse LGBT-friendly policies so that they get the best person for the job. If companies demonstrate genuine support for their LGBT employees, it will have a huge impact on their employees, their business, and the whole LGBT community.  It’s great that there are some companies that can be described as fully inclusive to all individuals regardless of their gender or sexual orientation- but there are thousands more to go.

Trans In Tanzania: Is Gender Confirmation Surgery An Option?

A recent study found that 75% of those who underwent transgender surgery had a better quality of life after the operation. However, as the recent onslaught on the LGBT community by the Tanzanian government makes life difficult for this community, it becomes increasingly challenging to collect data on the happiness levels of trans individuals in the country. Despite these challenges, we must still address the inner turmoils that affect the trans community, especially in a system that doesn’t value or accept them. Outside the external problems they face are the internal struggles of dysphoria, identity, family acceptance, self-esteem, and the difficult question of surgery and whether it is even an option.

Gender Confirmation Surgery

It is estimated that gender confirmation surgery happens in about 1000 people worldwide every year. Just last year, South Africa performed one of its rare gender confirmation surgeries on Thando Thengwa. Although the number of hospitals that offer this service is still quite few, the number is steadily rising as demand for the procedure continues to grow. This steady acceptance of the procedure holds hope for the future, not just for South Africans, but also for Tanzanians. It sets the necessary precedence for greater acceptance in the future. It also offers Tanzanians an opportunity to get the surgery within the continent. Though there are still a number of daunting challenges that come with the procedure, especially for Tanzanians, if you are ready to do it, the important question to ask is whether you can finance it while still guarding your financial security. Keep in mind that you may find it difficult, if not impossible, to have the surgery performed in Tanzania. This will also factor into the calculations for those considering the surgery.

A Little Accounting

Before you start saving for the surgery, it’s important to understand how much money you will ultimately need to set aside for the entire process. Sex change surgery is many things, but it is not cheap. To start, you will need hormone replacement therapy, which will cost you upwards of $7000 a year until the actual surgery, and you may still need to continue even after the operation. Beyond this, it will run to $120,000 to $140,000 for a full transition. This will cover everything from the hospital stay to travel expenses and the post-surgery medication. This is the cost of a basic change, but it will cost more for additional procedures such as breast augmentation, a hysterectomy or facial feminization.

The Verdict

The numbers speak for themselves, but what does that mean? It simply means that the financial burden of a gender confirmation surgery is high, but not impossible. You have a higher chance of being significantly happier after changing your outer body to reflect who you are on the inside. If the numbers are not sufficient, there are testimonies of people who went through it describing how it changed their lives. All the data is there: ultimately it remains an individual choice. 

Gender confirmation surgery may not be popular or even possible in Tanzania. But as in all beginnings, it only takes one person brave enough to change this.

This article was prepared by Jacklyn Wentworth

Discrimination in Tanzania

Tanzania, where The Advocates has partnered recently with LGBTI human rights organizations, provides a good example of the problem. Due to widespread discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, LGBT individuals in Tanzania fear disclosing their sexual orientation to health care providers.  Further, health care providers often refuse needed services to LGBT individuals. In its Third National Multi-Sectoral Strategic Framework for HIV and AIDS (NMSF III), the Government of Tanzania recognized the barrier that anti-LGBT discrimination can pose to health care access: “Stigma and discrimination against MSM [men who have sex with men] remains high, posing a significant challenge to outreach and delivery of friendly health services.”[1] Indeed, some non-governmental organizations estimate that over 2 million LGBT Tanzanians lack access to quality health services.

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